Personality. A commander of the Fantastic Horde regarding fourteenth 100 years try named Uzbek, even in the event the guy didn’t rule across the those who do share his identity.
Modern Uzbeks hail not simply about Turkic-Mongol nomads just who earliest claimed the name, also from other Turkic and you may Persian peoples way of living in the country’s limits. The fresh new Soviets, in an effort to split the fresh new Turkic people to the quicker governable subdivisions, labeled Turks, Tajiks, Sarts, Qipchaqs, Khojas, although some as the Uzbek, doubling how big the new ethnicity to five billion for the 1924.
Today the federal government try building the new Uzbek category name, to avoid the new splintering noticed in other multiethnic claims. Many people has actually absorbed having seemingly little matter. Many Tajiks consider on their own Uzbek, even in the event it take care of the Tajik vocabulary; it because they have traditionally common a metropolitan lives, which was a lot more of a bond than simply cultural names. Other people have been much more resistant to Uzbekization. Of numerous Qipchaqs eschew intermarriage, alive a good nomadic lives, and you will select a great deal more directly toward Kyrgyz who live over the border from them. The brand new Khojas also stop intermarriage, and you will even with speaking several dialects, possess chose a sense of unity.
The new Karakalpaks, who live about wilderness southern of one’s Aral Water, have another type of language and you will customs alot more similar to Kazakh than just Uzbek. According to the Soviet Union, theirs is actually another type of republic, and it also remains independent.
Area and Geography. Uzbekistan’s 174,330 square miles (451,515 square miles), a location slightly bigger than California, start in the new Karakum (Black Mud) and Kyzlkum (Yellow Sand) deserts off Karakalpakistan. The latest arid land from the independent republic helps a beneficial nomadic life. Has just, new drying upwards of your Aral Ocean enjoys devastated environmental surroundings, causing over 30 % of area’s people to go out of, out of communities during the early mid-eighties after which regarding metropolitan areas. This may keep; the bedroom try hit of the a disastrous drought in the summertime out-of 2000.
People develops with the eastern, based to fruitful oases in addition to valleys of one’s Amu-Darya River, once referred to as Oxus, and the Zeravshan Lake, hence aids brand new ancient area-says out-of Bokhara and Samarkand. The newest Ferghana Valley on eastern is the center out of Islam when you look at the Uzbekistan. Here, in which the nation try squeezed ranging from Tajikistan and you will Kyrgyzstan, the fresh mountainous landscapes supporting an ongoing nomadic lives, plus recent years has provided a place to possess fundamentalist guerrillas. Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and you will Afghanistan also border the nation. Into the 1867 new Russian colonial regulators went the administrative centre out-of Bokhara to Tashkent. That have dos.1 million anyone, it will be the biggest city inside Main Asia.
Demography. The current population of Uzbekistan are twenty-four.8 million. Seventy-four so you can 80 % is Uzbek, even if a few of these have been in the first place from other ethnic communities. Russians and you will Tajiks try for each 5 percent, Karakalpaks dos per cent, or other nationalities the rest. From 1989 to 1996, five-hundred thousand more individuals emigrated than just immigrated; all the emigrants was indeed experienced. Of multiple mil individuals with remaining, generally all was basically non-Uzbek. Towns such as for example Andijan and you will Ferghana, whose communities was only half Uzbek, are now practically completely Uzbek. Into the 1990, 600,one hundred thousand Germans stayed in Uzbekistan; 95
Linguistic Affiliation. Uzbek is the words of approximately twenty mil Uzbeks living in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan. The words was Turkic and you can abounds having dialects, together with Qarlug (and this offered while the literary words getting a lot of Uzbek background), Kipchak, Lokhay, Oghuz, Qurama, and you will Sart, some of which come from almost every other dialects. Uzbek came up once the a definite vocabulary regarding the 15th century. It’s so next to modern Uyghur one to audio system of every words can also be converse with ease. In advance of Russian colonization it can usually have already been difficult to state where that Turkic vocabulary been plus one concluded. But because of recommended borders, changes when you look at the dialect coalesced toward type of languages. The Soviets changed its Arabic program briefly with a beneficial Roman program then which free online dating West Virginia have Cyrillic. Because versatility there were a change back again to Roman software, together with a click to cease conditions lent out-of Russian.